Gran Turismo or just GT: Yesterday and Today
The concept of Gran Turismo first appeared long before the invention of the car. In England, in the XVII-XVIII centuries, members of wealthy families practiced long journeys to different cities…

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President driving. How was the rally raid in one of the most closed countries in the world
98% of visa denials for foreigners, a ban on leaving the country for men under 40 years of age, a total personality cult - this is what Turkmenistan represents in…

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SUCCESS FORMULA.
What is the formula for success? Diligence, perseverance in achieving the goal. Valuable qualities, especially if they have an athlete. But how to get faster on the track? How to…

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NASCAR – the most popular race of America

The show is the fastest and voracious engines, as well as rich brands.

The National Association of Stock Car Racing (National Association of Stock Car Auto Racing), Inc. is a privately held company that organizes car racing and related activities. Established by Bill Frances Sr. in the years 1947-1948 in the United States of America, and still is owned by the Frans family.The association holds a large number of different championships (series).

NASCAR has been leading its history since 1949, when Bill France, Sr. decided to combine semi-amateur races on serial cars in the southeastern United States in one championship. None of the motorsport organization has taken the initiative to sanction this competition, and Frans established the sanctioning organization himself.

Since 1949, NASCAR holds three championships – Strictly Stock (strictly serial), Modified (modified) and Convertible (open). Initially, he was a success of Modified, but gradually Strictly Stock took the lead, about which it was said that the same cars were participating in it as driving on the roads, and anyone can take part. High prize awards attracted eminent pilots, low costs allowed newcomers to express themselves.

A good choice of routes and a reasonable policy of the Association contributed to the rapid growth of popularity. In 1959, the huge Daytona International Speedway circuit specially built for NASCAR races appeared, and the Daytona 500 race that was held on it became a championship star.

Gradually, the championship was moving away from its philosophy of participation of purely serial cars – high speeds and asymmetric loads required modifications to increase safety. At first, even the racers cut a window in the bottom, through which one could see the most loaded front right wheel, in time to drive in to change tires.

In 1962, the factory teams came to the championship, which had previously supported their marks behind the scenes, and the arms race and speed increase began. Hiding behind the definition of the “production car” of the Big Three, small lots were produced (in 1970 a lot of at least 500 cars were needed to participate in races) cars optimized for racing.

In parallel with the technological competition, companies tried to attract famous racers to their side. The riders became real stars, but their attempts to create their own association of pilots for the fight for safety were abruptly stopped by Bill France Sr. – the most active were excommunicated from the race, despite the names, including Richard Petty.

In 1981, the Association completely changed its technical policy and now the silhouette prototypes with a tubular frame and only outwardly resembling serial machines were launched at the start. Technical innovations were increasingly limited, and with the aim of equalizing the participants and in matters of aerodynamics, the machines lost even their external resemblance to road fellows.

In 1979, the NASCAR – Daytona 500 race was shown live for the first time, and the rise in popularity began. In addition, the task was facilitated by the fact that the main competitor in the autosport world of America – CART – has split since 1996. In 1996, the Daytona 500 ratings outperformed the Indy 500 and NASCAR is now considered the second most popular US competition, second only to the NFL, and Dale Earnhardt Jr., the most popular NASCAR driver, is also America’s most popular athlete.
USA First Lady NASCAR Racing

Stoke cars are the names of production cars, but do not look like them even externally. At the heart of the car is a tubular steel frame. The factories (now it is Dodge, Ford, Chevrolet and Toyota) supply the teams only cylinder blocks, and some other details – everything else, including the frame and the outer metal lining, are built by the teams themselves.

On all the stock cars are V8 with a working volume of 5.87 liters, the configuration of which has not changed since the 60s of the last century – a cast-iron cylinder block, a lower camshaft and carburetors are used. The gearbox has four steps, but on the oval tracks the gears need to be switched only when arriving at pit stops and when driving under the pacecan. In 2007, the NASCAR top division began the transition to the Cars of the Future (Car of Tomorrow). In 2007, such cars were used only on short ovals (up to 1.33 miles), since 2008 CoT has been used at all stages.

On the Car of Tomorrow cars, the engines are made according to even more stringent specifications, with a fixed distance between the cylinders, which makes them virtually identical. However, their return remained the same – the lower petrol V8 with a volume of 5.87 liters and a power of about 770 hp. The body is taller, wider and longer (base is 110 inches or 2794mm), an adjustable splitter appeared on the front (on “classic” cars the front bumper should be strictly vertical), and the rear wing instead of a huge spoiler.

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